East African Court of Justice Tanzania Uganda

Center for Food and Adequate Living Rights Limited et al. v. Tanzania, Uganda and the East African Community

This case was filed on 6 November 2020 and is currently pending before the East African Court of Justice. The organizations filed suit against Tanzania and Uganda to stop the construction of the East African Crude Oil Pipeline in these two States. They claimed that the respondent governments had signed agreements to build the pipeline  even though the project is environmentally untenable and will traverse protected areas in East Africa. They also claimed that the affected people in both Uganda and Tanzania would suffer substantial and irreparable losses from the project, as well as damage to the environment. They submitted that the agreements in question were signed without the submission of an environmental and social impact assessment. As a result, the project had gone ahead despite undue regard to East African law, international environmental law and human rights law.

Rights invoked:
The applicants invoked articles 2, 3, 4, 7 (1), 9, 13 (1), 14, 16, 21, 22, and 24 of the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights. They also invoked articles 2, 14, 16, and 17 of the Revised African Convention on the Conservation of Natural Resources. Furthermore, they argued that the project was inconsistent with the respondents’ commitments under the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and Other People Working in Rural Areas.

Date of filing:

6 November 2020



The reference was filed within two months of the imputed actions and omissions of the respondent States.



Separate opinions:

Measures taken as a result of the judgment:

Status of case:

A hearing in the case was held on 2 July 2021.

Suggested case citation:

East African Court of Justice, Center for Food and Adequate Living Rights Limited et al. v. Tanzania, Uganda and the Secretary General of the East African Community, petition filed on 6 November 2020, Application No. 29 of 2020.


For the full application brought before the Court, click here (via

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