Further reading and relevant scholarship

This page contains a curated list of academic research on human rights and climate change, and other documents and academic work that can help understand this topic. It is meant to serve as a starting point for research, and is by no means exhaustive. The list is regularly updated.


Natalia Kobylarz, ‘Balancing its Way Out of Strong Anthropocentrism: Integration of ‘Ecological Minimum Standards’ in the European Court of Human Rights’ ‘Fair Balance’ Review’, Journal of Human Rights and the Environment (forthcoming, March 2022).

Helen Keller, Corina Heri, Réka Piskóty, ‘Something Ventured, Nothing Gained?—Remedies before the ECtHR and Their Potential for Climate Change Cases’, 22(1) Human Rights Law Review (2022), available here.

Helen Keller and Angela Hefti, ‘Bringing the Right to Water into the Spotlight: A Civil Right before the ECtHR?’ Review of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law (RECIEL) (2022), 1-10, available here.


Benoit Mayer, ‘Climate Change Mitigation as an Obligation Under Human Rights Treaties?’, 115 American Journal of International Law (2021) 409-451. Available here.

James R. May, ‘The Case for Environmental Human Rights: Recognition, Implementation and Outcomes’, 42 Cardozo Law Review (2021), 983. Available here.

Birgit Peters, ‘Zur Anwendbarkeit der Europäischen Menschenrechtskonvention in Umwelt- und Klimaschutzfragen’, 59(2) Archiv des Völkerrechts (2021), 164-198. Available here.

Samvel Varvastian, ‘The Advent of International Human Rights Law in Climate Change Litigation’, 38(2) Wisconsin International Law Journal (2021), pp. 369-425. Available here.

Rupert F. Stuart-Smith, Friederike E. L. Otto, Aisha I. Saad, Gaia Lisi, Petra Minnerop, Kristian Cedervall Lauta, Kristin van Zwieten & Thom Wetzer, ‘Filling the Evidentiary Gap in Climate Litigation’, Nature Climate Change (2021). Available here

Benoit Mayer, ‘Temperature Targets and State Obligations on the Mitigation of Climate Change’, Journal of Environmental Law (2021), advance article, eqab003. Available here.

Belen Olmos Giupponi, International Environmental Law Compliance in Context: Mechanisms and Case Studies (Routledge 2021). Available here.

Maria Antonia Tigre and Natalia Urzola, ‘The 2017 Inter-American Court’s Advisory Opinion: Changing the Paradigm for International Environmental Law in the Anthropocene’, 12(1) Journal of Human Rights and the Environment (2021), 24-50. Available here.

Ivano Alogna, Christine Bakker, and Jean-Pierre Gauci, Climate Change Litigation: Global Perspectives (Brill 2021). Available here.

Lavanya Rajamani, ‘Due Diligence in International Climate Change Law’ in H Krieger, A Peters, L Kreuzer (ed), Due Diligence in International Law (Oxford University Press 2021). Available here.

Lavanya Rajamani and Jacqueline Peel, ‘Reflections on a Decade of Change in International Environmental Law’ 10(1) Cambridge Journal of International Law (2021), 6-13. Available here.

Anne van Aaken and Betül Simsek, ‘Rewarding in International Law’ 115(2) American Journal of International Law (2021) 195-241. Available here.

Annalisa Savaresi, ‘Human Rights and the Impacts of Climate Change: Revisiting the Assumptions’ 11(1) Oñati Socio-Legal Series (2021), 231-253. Available here

Chiara Macchi, ‘The Climate Change Dimension of Business and Human Rights: The Gradual Consolidation of a Concept of “Climate Due Diligence”, Business and Human Rights Journal, 2021. Available here.

Marie-Catherine Petersmann, ‘Contested Indigeneity and Traditionality in Environmental Litigation: The Politics of Expertise in Regional Human Rights Courts’, Human Rights Law Review (2021), 25. Available here.


B.S. Chimni, ‘The Articles on State Responsibility and the Guiding Principles of Shared Responsibility: A TWAIL Perspective’, 31(4) European Journal of International Law (2020), 1211-1221. Available here.

Frédéric Gilles Sourgens, ‘The Precaution Presumption’,31(4) European Journal of International Law (2020), 1277-1306. Available here.

Amina Maneggia, ‘Non-refoulement of Climate Change Migrants: Individual Human Rights Protection or ‘Responsibility to Protect’? – The Teitiota Case Before the Human Rights Committee’ 2 Diritti umani e diritto internazionale (2020), 635-643. Available here.

Jason Rudall, Compensation for Environmental Damage Under International Law (Routledge 2020).

Tamara Morganthau and Nikki Reisch, ‘Litigating the Frontlines: Why African Community Rights Cases Are Climate Change Cases’, 25(1) UCLA Journal of International Law and Foreign Affairs (2020), 85-122. Available here.

Annalisa Savaresi, ‘The Use of Human Rights Arguments in Climate Change Litigation and its Limitations’, in D. Ismangil K. van der Schaaf and L. van Troost (eds.), Climate Change, Justice and Human Rights. Changing Perspectives on Human Rights (Strategic Studies 2020), 49-55. Available here.

Katharina Braig and Stoyan Panov, ‘The Doctrine of Positive Obligations as a Starting Point for Climate Litigation in Strasbourg: The European Court of Human Rights as a Hilfssheriff in Combating Climate Change?’ (2020) 35 Journal of Environmental Law and Litigation 261. Available here.

John H. Knox, ‘Constructing the Human Right to a Healthy Environment’, 16(1) Annual Review of Law and Social Science (2020), 79-95. Available here.

Hari M. Osofsky, ‘The Geography of Emerging Global South Climate Change Litigation’ (2020) 114 AJIL Unbound 61.


Joana Setzer and Lisa Vanhala, ‘Climate Change Litigation: A Review of Research on Courts and Litigants in Climate Government’, 10(3) Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change (2019), e580. Available here.

Sumudu Atapattu and Andrea Schnapper, Human Rights and the Environment (Routledge 2019). Available here.

Margaretha Wewerinke-Singh, State Responsibility, Climate Change and Human Rights under International Law (Hart 2019). Available here.

Ingrid Leijten, ‘Human Rights v. Insufficient Climate Action: The Urgenda Case’ 37(2) Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights (2019). Available here.

Maiko Meguro, ‘State of the Netherlands v. Urgenda Foundation’ 114(4) American Journal of International Law (2020), 729-735. Available here.

Jacqueline Peel and Jolene Lin, ‘Transnational Climate Litigation: The Contribution of the Global South’, 113(4) American Journal of International Law (2019), 679-726. Available here.

Malgosia Fitzmaurice, ‘The European Court of Human Rights and the Right to a Clean Environment: Evolutionary or Illusory Interpretation?’, in Georges Abi-Saab, Kenneth Keith, Gabrielle Marceau, und Clément Marquet, Evolutionary Interpretation and International Law (Hart Publishing 2019). Available here.

Monica Feria-Tinta and Simon C. Milnes, ‘International Environmental Law for the 21st Century: The Constitutionalization of the Right to a Healthy Environment in the Inter-American Court of Human Rights Advisory Opinion 23’, 12 ACDI – Anuario Colombiano de Derecho Internacional (2019), 43-84. Available here.

Margaretha Wewerinke-Singh, ‘Remedies for Human Rights Violations Caused by Climate Change’ (2019) 9 Climate Law 224-243. Available here.

Julia Hänni, ‘Menschenrechtsverletzungen infolge Klimawandels: Voraussetzungen und Herausforderungen / Dargestellt am Beispiel der EMRK’ (2019) 46 EuGRZ 1.


Sumudu Atapattu, Human Rights Approaches to Climate Change: Challenges and Opportunities (Routledge 2018).

 John H. Knox and Ramin Pejan (eds), The Human Right to a Healthy Environment (Cambridge University Press, 2018) 136–54.

Natalia Kobylarz, ‘The European Court of Human Rights: An Underrated Forum for Environmental Litigation’, in Helle Tegner Anker und Birgitte Egelund Olsen, Sustainable Management of Natural Resources: Legal Instruments and Approaches (Intersentia 2018).

Ole W. Pedersen, ‘The European Court of Human Rights and International Environmental Law’ in John H. Knox and Ramin Pejan (eds), The Human Right to a Healthy Environment (2018), 86.

Bridget Lewis, Environmental Human Rights and Climate Change: Current Status and Future Prospects (Springer, 2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1960-0_9.

Alan Boyle, ‘Climate Change, the Paris Agreement and Human Rights’, 67 International and Comparative Law Quarterly (2018), 759.


Daniel Bodansky, Jutta Brunnée, and Lavanya Rajamani, International Climate Change Law (Oxford University Press, 2017).


Kevin R. Gray, Richard Tarasofsky and Cinnamon Carlarne (eds), Human Rights Principles and Climate Change (Oxford University Press, 2016). https://doi.org/10.1093/law/9780199684601.003.0011.


Ottavio Quirico and Mouloud Boumghar, Climate Change and Human Rights: An International and Comparative Law Perspective (Routledge 2015)

Anna Grear and Louis J. Kotzé, Research Handbook on Human Rights and the Environment (Edward Elgar 2015).


Anna Grear, ‘Towards Climate Justice: A Critical Reflection on Legal Subjectivity and Climate Injustice: Warning Signals, Patterned Hierarchies, Directions for Future Law and Policy’ 5 Journal of Human Rights and the Environment (2014), 103–33.

Henry Shue, ‘Changing Images of Climate Change: Human Rights and Future Generations’, 5 Journal of Human Rights and the Environment (2014): 50–64.


Elisa Morgera and Annalisa Savaresi. ‘A Conceptual and Legal Perspective on the Green Economy’, 22(1) Review of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law (2013): 14–28. https://doi.org/10.1111/reel.12016.


Erin Daly, ‘The Ecuadorian Exemplar: The First Ever Vindications of Constitutional Rights of Nature’ 21(1) Review of European Community & International Environmental Law (2012), 63–66.


Armelle Gouritin, ‘Potential Liability of European States under the ECHR for Failure to Take Appropriate Measures with a View to Adaptation to Climate Change’, in Michael Faure and Marjan Peeters (eds), Climate Change Liability (2011), 134.

Ole W. Pedersen, ‘The Janus-Head of Human Rights and Climate Change: Adaptation and Mitigation’ 80(4) Nordic Journal of International Law (2011): 403–23. https://doi.org/10.1163/157181011X598427.


Francesco Francioni, ‘International Human Rights in an Environmental Horizon’, 21(1) European Journal of International Law (2010), 41–55.

Stephen Humphreys (ed.), ‘Climate Change and International Human Rights Law’ International Law in the Era of Climate Change (Edward Elgar 2010).


Stephen Humphreys and Mary Robinson (eds), Human Rights and Climate Change (Cambridge University Press, 2009). https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511770722.007.

John H. Knox, ‘Climate Change and Human Rights Law’, 50 Virginia Journal of International Law 163 (2009-2010).